Notes Payable Definition, Journal Entries, and Examples

This formal promise is made in form of a promissory note which is issued to the lender, by the borrower, assuring him or her of payment on a specific date. A note payable liability is defined as a debt that is evidenced by a promissory note. A promissory note is a written instrument that obligates the issuer to pay a certain sum of money to the holder on demand or at a specified future date.

A person or organization that sells, provides, performs, or assists in improving a consumer’s credit record, credit history or credit rating in exchange for a fee or other payment. It also includes a person or organization that provides advice or assistance about how to improve a consumer’s credit record, credit history or credit rating. A promissory note is a legally binding promise from a borrower to repay a loan to their lender.


Borrowing accounted for as notes payable are usually accompanied by a promissory note. A promissory note is a written agreement issued by a lender stating that a borrower will pay the lender the debt it owes on a specific date with interest. The “Notes Payable” line item is recorded on the balance sheet as a current liability – and represents a written Note Payable, Promissory Note, Defined, Explained As Liability agreement between a borrower and lender specifying the obligation of repayment at a later date. Notes payable are written agreements (promissory notes) in which one party agrees to pay the other party a certain amount of cash. A promissory note can be advantageous when an entity is unable to find a loan from a traditional lender, such as a bank.

  • Anyone lending money (like home sellers, credit unions, mortgage lenders and banks, for instance) can issue a promissory note.
  • To explain further, a new secured or unsecured promissory note must be issued for every new real estate loan.
  • When warranty work is performed, the estimated warranty payable is decreased.
  • The balance in Notes Payable represents the amounts that remain to be paid.
  • Ultimately, it serves as a necessary piece of the legal puzzle that helps guarantee that sums are repaid in full and in a timely fashion.
  • Unlike a loan, they will not be issued with interest or have a fixed maturity date.

All such information is provided solely for convenience purposes only and all users thereof should be guided accordingly. In Case 2, Notes Payable is credited for $5,200, the maturity value of the note, but S. The interest of $200 (12% of $5,000 for 120 days) is included in the face of the note at the time it is issued but is deducted from the proceeds at the time the note is issued. Each year, the unamortized discount is reduced by the interest expense for the year. This treatment ensures that the interest element is accounted for separately from the cost of the asset. The agreement calls for Ng to make 3 equal annual payments of $6,245 at the end of the next 3 years, for a total payment of $18,935.

What is a Notes Payable?- Definition

The maker of the promissory note is known as the borrower or debtor and records the amount owed in a liability account such as Notes Payable. The person or organization that has the right to receive the money when the promissory note comes due is known as the lender or creditor and records that amount in an asset account such as Notes Receivable. These are written agreements in which the borrower obtains a specific amount of money from the lender and promises to pay back the amount owed, with interest, over or within a specified time period.

  • Although potentially issued by financial institutions, other organizations or individuals can use promissory notes to confirm the agreed terms of a loan.
  • As the cash is received, the cash account is increased (debited) and unearned revenue, a liability account, is increased (credited).
  • Promissory notes offer companies a credit source after exhausting other options, like corporate loans or bond issues.
  • This interest expense is allocated over time, which allows for an increased gain from notes that are issued to creditors.
  • The master promissory note also includes the student’s personal contact and employment information and the names and contact info for the student’s references.
  • There are a number of other different types of promissory notes, including investment promissory notes, take-back mortgages, and student loan promissory notes.
  • Essentially, they’re accounting entries on a balance sheet that show a company owes money to its financiers.

For instance, the borrower may not be able to pay a dividend until the amount for the note payable remains in the business books. The breach of the covenant may lead to full or part repayment of the loan. Following journal entry is passed in the books of accounts when making payment for the notes payable and the Interest accrued. The issuers can be any financial institution, Government authority, corporate business, or other entity that raises the money by issuing notes payable.

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